Article accepted at Social Science Computer Review

The manuscript “Introducing a Continuous Measure of Future Self-Continuity” by Bart Kamphorst, Sanne Nauts and Eve-Marie Blouin-Hudon (Carleton University) has been accepted for publication in Social Science Computer Review. In it, a new continuous measure is presented for measuring how connected people feel with their future selves. The measure is implemented using standard web technologies (HTML, Javascript, CSS) and can therefore easily be embedded in online surveys.

Peer commentary to be published in American Journal of Bioethics – Neuroscience

The paper “Should Uplifting Music and Smart Phone Apps Count as Willpower Doping? The Extended Will and the Ethics of Enhanced Motivation” by Joel Anderson and Bart Kamphorst will appear in AJOB Neuroscience, 6(1): 1–3, 2015. In the paper it is argued that the best way of making progress with developing a general ethics of motivational enhancement, is by focusing on nonpharmacological cases of motivation enhancement (such as the use of e-coaching apps) first because we are likely to have more stable intuitions about those cases and because they are less stigmatized than pharmacological cases.

Short paper published in Tijdschrift voor Filosofie

The paper “Why Having One’s Rationality Openly Exploited Might Be Considered Manipulation” by Bart Kamphorst and Annemarie Kalis has been published in “Tijdschrift voor Filosofie” (the Dutch/Belgian journal of Philosophy). In the paper, which was written in response to Daniel Dennett’s 2012 Praemium Erasmianum Essay Erasmus: Sometimes a Spin Doctor is Right, it is argued that the criterion for distinguishing between manipulation and non-manipulative influence cannot just be whether one’s rationality is involved. This is because such a view fails to consider the many factors that implicitly weigh on a person’s rational decision-making processes. The paper is accompanied by a commentary by Daniel Dennett.

B-paper accepted for BNAIC 2014

The paper “Autonomous E-Coaching in the Wild: Empirical Validation of a Model-Based Reasoning System” by Bart Kamphorst, Arlette van Wissen and Michel Klein has been accepted as a B-paper for oral presentation at the 26th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence (BNAIC 2014). A 2-page extended abstract, which summarizes the monthlong empirical validation study of the eMate e-coaching system (see this post for more information) will be published in the conference proceedings.

Paper to be presented at HBU 2014

The paper “Human Involvement in E-Coaching: Effects on Effectiveness, Perceived Influence and Trust” by Bart Kamphorst, Michel Klein and Arlette van Wissen (equal contributions) will be presented on September 12th at the 5th International Workshop on Human Behavior Understanding (HBU’14) in Zürich.

The paper describes an empirical ‘Wizard of Oz’ study in which it was investigated how human involvement in the e-coaching process affects people’s behavior change (taking the stairs instead of the elevator) and their perception of the e-coaching system. Results show that the coaching was equally effective in all groups, but that people who believed to be coached by a human judged the coaching to be more influential. No difference was found between groups in how trustworthy coachees found their coaches.

The full paper will appear in the workshop proceedings, which will be published in the Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) series – Springer Volume 8749, pp. 16-29 (to appear).

Update: pdf available here through SpringerLink.

Workshop on “Autonomous Agency, Health Promotion, and Technology Design”

On Friday, September 12, 2014, the workshop “Autonomous Agency, Health Promotion, and Technology Design” will be held in the City Center of Utrecht. Confirmed speakers are Soren Holm (University of Manchester), Maartje Schermer (Erasmus MC), Anton Vedder & Samantha Adams (Tilburg University), Sander Voerman (Eindhoven University of Technology), Bart Kamphorst (Utrecht University) and Tamar Schapiro (Stanford University).

The event is co-sponsored by the OZSW (Dutch Research School for Philosophy), and is connected to the research projects ”Promoting Effective Intentions: Volitional Scaffolding, Implementation Intentions, and Bedtime Procrastination” and to the project ”Medical Trust Beyond Clinical Walls” at TU Eindhoven. The theme of the workshop is how we define and operationalize autonomy, health, mental illness and the practical self for the design of supporting technologies for health and wellness.” More information can be found on the workshop page on the OZSW website.

Sanne Nauts joins the research team as postdoctoral fellow

We are very pleased to announce that Sanne Nauts has joined the “Promoting Effective Intentions” research team as a postdoctoral fellow at the Self-Regulation Lab.

After obtaining her master’s degree in Social Psychology from Radboud University Nijmegen in 2009, Nauts started working on a PhD-project on “backlash for gender atypicality” under supervision of prof. Daniel Wigboldus (Radboud University Nijmegen) and prof. Laurie Rudman (Rutgers University). In this project, she studied why people often respond negatively to atypical men and women, such as modest men and competent female leaders. Her research interests include (gender) stereotypes, person perception, and health behavior.

From June 1st 2014 onwards, Nauts will study if implementation intentions and nudges can be used as effective interventions against bedtime procrastination. Moreover, she is interested in finding out why people engage in bedtime procrastination, and how bedtime procrastination differs from other forms of procrastination (e.g., academic procrastination).

It is with great pleasure that we welcome Sanne to the team!

Full paper accepted at ECAI 2014

The paper “An Agent-Based Model of Procrastination” by Ruurdje Procee (UU), Bart Kamphorst (UU), Arlette van Wissen (VU) and John-Jules Meyer (UU) has been accepted for publication in the proceedings of the 21st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2014.

The paper presents a new agent-based model of procrastination that integrates insights from economic models about the dynamics of procrastination with psychological concepts that can help explain the behavior on an individual level. The aim is that the model may serve as the basis for the development of an e-coaching system that can offer tailored support to people who struggle with procrastination.

Update: The pdf is available here.

Full paper accepted at AAMAS 2014

The paper “Autonomous e-coaching in the wild: Empirical validation of a model-based reasoning system” by Bart Kamphorst (UU), Michel Klein (VU) and Arlette van Wissen (VU) (equal contribution) has been accepted for publication in the proceedings of the 13h International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS’14), 2014. (To appear.)

The paper presents a monthlong empirical validation study of the eMate e-coaching system, in which eMate’s reasoning mechanism is evaluated for its accuracy and its ability to promote behavior change. Results show that eMate (i) identifies and accurately targets the problematic constructs for an individual and (ii) positively affects aspects of behavior change through tailored interventions.

Update: The paper is now available here.